Pregnancy and Dental Care
Maintaining a good oral health during pregnancy is very important as the hormonal changes during this phase increases the risk of gum diseases. This could also affect the development of baby sometimes.
How can bad oral health be of concern during pregnancy?
Predisposition to gum disease is higher during pregnancy also called “pregnancy gingivitis”. Poor oral hygiene may increase the plaque and tartar accumulation around the gums. This will not only have adverse effects on the gums but also increases the incidence of cavities.
In some women overgrowth of gum tissue is evident. These are not tumour but overgrown gum tissue around plaque and are called Pregnancy Tumours. They bleed very easily and reduce once the gums are cleaned and hygiene is optimal. These tumours are rarely excised.
Side effect of dental procedures
– To avoid unnecessary antibiotics and pain medications get a dental check up done in early pregnancy.
– Dentists should ideally avoid X rays during this period to avoid radiation exposure to the baby. If necessary X ray need to be done with adequate precautions such as using a lead apron around abdomen and thyroid collar.
– Some medications may have a tendency to exaggerate the underlying gum disease, please consult with your Dentist or Physician.
– Second trimester is considered safe for dental procedures under supervision of expert dentists and gynaecologists.
– It’s also advisable to reduce the visits to clinics to avoid external contact. In many of the cases, dental treatment can be offered at home. Check out home dental care options and visit a clinic only if necessary.